FULL TEXT: PNoy speech on the anniversary of the signing of the Comprehensive Agreement on the Bangsamoro

“Di po ba’t napakalaking karangalan ang naabot natin sa kasunduang ito, at napakasarap ipagmalaki sa buong mundo na tayong mga Pilipino, ikinalat man sa maraming isla, magkakaiba man ng paniniwala, ay may iisang adhikain para sa kapayapaan? Na kaya nating isantabi ang mga pagkakaiba, at tumutok sa kung ano ang nagbibigkis sa ating lahi? Nakakalungkot nga po, na isang taon pa lang ang nakalipas, ay tila nalimot na natin ang pag-asang naramdaman natin noon. Sa halip, napalitan ito ng kawalan ng tiwala, ng di-makatwirang pagdududa, at ng galit.”

PNoy

Signing of the Comprehensive Agreement on the Bangsamoro in Malacañang Palace, Manila. Image courtesy of PNoy Facebook

Talumpati ng Kagalang-galang Benigno S. Aquino III Pangulo ng Pilipinas Sa anibersaryo ng paglagda ng Comprehensive Agreement on the Bangsamoro

[Inihayag noong ika-27 ng Marso 2015]

Isang taon na po ang lumipas mula nang lagdaan ang Comprehensive Agreement on the Bangsamoro. Noong ika-27 ng Marso, 2014, inimbita natin dito sa Malacañang ang mga nagsikap upang buuin ito: Ang mga kabahagi ng iba’t ibang ahensiya ng gobyerno, kasama na ang unipormadong hanay; ang peace advocates na napakatagal nang hinintay ang pagkakaroon ng naturang kasunduan; ang mga kinatawan ng ibang bansa, na nakiisa sa ating tagumpay; ang lahat ng mga stakeholder sa Bangsamoro, na talaga naman pong sawang-sawa na sa hidwaan at karahasan; at siyempre po, ang mga kapatid natin sa MILF, na sa pagnanasang itigil na ang napakahabang kaguluhan, ay buong-loob na nagpamalas at nagpapamalas pa rin na sila’y mapagkakatiwalaan, at kapwa nating naghahangad ng kapayapaan. Noon po, ginunita natin ang mahabang proseso ng pagpapanday ng kasunduang patas at makatarungan. Binalangkas natin ang pagbabagong nais nating ihatid sa isang sistemang matagal nang inabuso ng iilan, at naitala ang mga pangarap para sa Bangsamoro. Ang sabi pa natin noon:

“If we sustain the momentum for peace, by 2016, the MILF will have shed its identity as a military force, and transformed itself into a political entity, casting its stake in democracy by vying for seats in the Bangsamoro elections. The Bangsamoro shall form a perimeter of vigilance against the spread of extremism… And from this shared security, we shall enhance the era of prosperity that is dawning upon our region, and harness its energies towards creating a regime of opportunity and inclusivity where no one is left behind.”

Di po ba’t napakalaking karangalan ang naabot natin sa kasunduang ito, at napakasarap ipagmalaki sa buong mundo na tayong mga Pilipino, ikinalat man sa maraming isla, magkakaiba man ng paniniwala, ay may iisang adhikain para sa kapayapaan? Na kaya nating isantabi ang mga pagkakaiba, at tumutok sa kung ano ang nagbibigkis sa ating lahi? Nakakalungkot nga po, na isang taon pa lang ang nakalipas, ay tila nalimot na natin ang pag-asang naramdaman natin noon. Sa halip, napalitan ito ng kawalan ng tiwala, ng di-makatwirang pagdududa, at ng galit.

Hindi nga po madali ang landas patungo sa kapayapaan. Ang una nating ginawa: Tinukoy natin ang tunay na problema, upang makapaglatag ng tamang solusyon. Tandaan natin: Nag-ugat ang kaguluhan sa Mindanao noong panahon ng diktadurya dahil sa land grabbing o agawan ng lupa. Kinasangkapan ang batas para samantalahin ang mga di-aral, at ipagkait ang kanilang lupain. Sayang nga po, dahil walang nakaisip, na kung pang-aabuso sa batas ang naging ugat ng problema, makatwiran, at makatarungang batas ang dapat lumutas dito. Hanggang ngayon nga po, nararanasan pa rin natin ang epekto ng kapabayaang ito. Pero malinaw po: Ngayon, iba na ang punto de bista ng inyong pamahalaan. May mga inisyatiba na tayo gaya ng pagsusulong ng indigenous rights at pangangalaga sa ancestral domains.

Ang Bangsamoro Basic Law nga po ang isa sa pinakamahalagang panukalang batas ng ating administrasyon. Tinutugunan nito ang dalawang pinakamalubhang problema ng ating mga kababayan: kahirapan at karahasan. Produkto ito ng 17 taon ng masusing pag-aaral at negosasyon.

Gayumpaman, mayroon pong mga tumututol sa pagsasabatas nito. May mga puna sila bunsod lamang ng kakulangan sa pag-intindi sa BBL, gaya na lamang ng sinasabing magkakaroon daw ng hiwalay na kapulisan ang Bangsamoro oras na maipatupad ito. Dapat po ba tayong magtiwala sa mga nagsasabing itigil ang usaping pangkapayapaan na walang inaalok na kapalit? Saan ba tayo dadalhin ng mga ito kung makikinig tayo sa kanila?

Ang sa akin po: Kung may pagkukulang pa ang BBL, matutugunan ito kung itutuloy ang debate ukol dito. Sa pagpapatuloy ng pagdinig sa Kongreso, binibigyan ang bawat isa ng pagkakataong unawain ang panukalang batas. Naniniwala tayo: Ang inisyatibang nagmula sa mabuting layunin ay maaari pang maisaayos ng mga taong mabuti ang hangarin sa kapwa.

Batid ko po na ang mga pangyayari sa Mindanao, kasama na ang insidente sa Mamasapano, ay nagdulot ng pagdududa sa isip ng ating mamamayan. Ang resulta: Nailayo ang usapan sa obhetibong ebalwasyon ng BBL.

Para tugunan ito, nag-imbita ako ng citizen leaders na kilala sa kanilang kaalaman at integridad, upang tumayong independent convenors. Kabilang po dito sina Luis Antonio Cardinal Tagle, dating Chief Justice Hilario Davide Jr., Jaime Augusto Zobel de Ayala, Howard Dee, at Bai Rohaniza Sumndad-Usman. Sila ang magbubuklod sa iba pang responsable at respetadong pinuno upang pangunahan ang isang National Peace Summit na bubusisi at tatalakay sa BBL. Hihimayin nila ang panukalang batas na ito sa mahinahon at risonableng paraan na hindi mag-uudyok ng mga galit at kawalan ng pag-asa. Sa ganitong paraan, mas mapapabuti ang BBL. Gagawa sila ng ulat na isasapubliko upang mabasa ng lahat, at makatulong sa higit na pag-unawa ng ating mamamayan. Sa ganitong paraan, maisusulong natin ang makatwirang pagpapasya ukol sa Bangsamoro Basic Law.

Asahan naman po ninyo: Habang papalapit tayo nang papalapit sa inaasam nating kapayapaan, lalong lalakas ang ingay ng mga naglalayong sirain ang tiwala natin sa isa’t isa. Marapat lang po silang paghandaan upang hindi magtagumpay. Nawa’y suriin din natin ang tunay nilang motibasyon. Kung talagang nais nilang paglingkuran ang kanilang mga nasasakupan, di ba’t dapat nasa panig din sila ng kapayapaan? Napapaisip tayo: Hindi kaya ang mga gustong pumigil sa BBL ay ang mga maapektuhan ng transpormasyong nais nating gawing permanente para sa Bangsamoro? Marahil, ang tanging pakay nila ay muling maghari-harian oras na bumalik tayo sa dating sistema.

May mga nagsasabi nga pong itigil na natin ang usaping pangkapayapaan. All-out war daw ang kailangan nating gawin. Ang tanong ko po sa kanila: Ano ba’ng nakikita ninyong mabuting idudulot ng giyera? Ngayong umuusad na tayo’t umaasenso, ngayon pa ba natin isusulong ang karahasan, pabalik sa landas ng kahirapan?

Nasubok na po ng mga nakaraang liderato ang all-out war. Ito pong all-out war na ito ang naging tugon na nila noon pang dekada sitenta. May napala po ba sila at tayo? Ang naging resulta lang nito: Daan-daang libo ang namatay, ang nasira ang kabuhayan, at napako sa pagdurusa ang Mindanao. Di po ba klaro na mali ang naging tugon nila? Ano ang nangyari? Natapos ba ang gulo? Di po ba’t kumitil lamang ito ng daan-daang libong buhay? May mga ulat nga po, na sa panunungkulan ni Ginoong Marcos, isinasabay ang mga blackout sa pagdating ng mga body bag para walang makakita sa dami ng casualties.

Isipin na lang po ninyo, kapag muling nadiskaril ang usaping kapayapaan, mawawalan ng espasyo para sa maayos na pakikipag-usap sa mga pinuno, at sa lahat ng Moro na handang makinig sa katwiran, at nagnanais din ng kapayapaan. Hindi ba’t baka pati sila, matulak nang sumama sa nagnanais ng karahasan? Kapag lumubha ang kaguluhan sa Mindanao, lalong lalalim ang mga sugat at lalong dumami ang mga naghihinanakit. Ang mga dating isinantabi at inapi ng sistema at mga institusyon, lalong madaramang api sila. Ang mga hindi maabot ng ayuda ng gobyerno, lalo pang mahihirapan. Sa palagay po ba ninyo, magiging maayos silang kausap—’pag nangyari lahat ito—sa usaping pangkapayaan, matapos silang masaktan, magdanak ng dugo at maapi lalo.

Alam naman natin ang dahilan kung bakit lumawak ang impluwensiya ng mga bandidong tulad ng Abu Sayyaf. May mga komunidad na napakatagal nang pinagkaitan ng serbisyo at kalinga ng gobyerno. Sa kawalan ng suporta mula sa pamahalan, ang Abu Sayyaf ang pumuno sa kanilang kapabayaan. Habang nakikita lamang nila ang pamahalaan tuwing eleksiyon o kapag mayroong operasyon ang militar, nariyan naman ang Abu Sayyaf, na sa kabila ng panggugulo ay nagsusustento sa pangangailangan ng mga komunidad nila. Dahil nga rito, nakuha ng Abu Sayyaf ang kanilang simpatiya. Mayroon ngang mga kumukupkop sa mga Abu Sayyaf, dahil may pakinabang sila sa mga ito.

Ang sangandaang kinakaharap natin: Pagsumikapang pumanday ng kapayapaan ngayon, o magbilang ng mga body bag sa kinabukasan. Sa mga nagsasabing all-out war ang solusyon, tingin ba n’yo may posibilidad pang mapag-usapan ang kapayapaan kapag nagsimula na ang barilan, kung kailan mas sariwa na ang sugat at pagkabigo ng kasunduan? Marahil, madali para sa inyo ang mag-udyok ng all-out war dahil malayo pa sa Luzon at Visayas ang kaguluhan. Pero kapag tumindi ang hidwaan, dadami ang Pilipinong nakikipagbarilan sa kapwa Pilipino, at hindi malayong kakilala o kamag-anak n’yo ang matatagpuan sa loob ng mga body bag na ito.  Kung sa ganito hahantong ang lahat, masasayang lamang ang sakripisyo ng mga nagbuwis ng buhay upang makamit ang inaasam nating kapayapaan. Kung tatanungin nga ninyo ang mga sundalo at pulis, at iba pa nating miyembro ng unipormadong hanay, sila ang unang tutol sa digmaan, dahil sila ang may pinakamalaking sakripisyo at pangunahing sakripisyo dito.

Lilinawin ko lang po: Ang desisyong ito ay hindi lamang para sa natitirang panahon ng aking termino, kundi para sa kapakanan ng susunod na mga henerasyon. Kayong mas nakababata, maaatim ba ninyo ang isang lipunang kailangan niyong sumuong sa digmaan imbes na tuparin ang inyong mga pangarap? Sa mga magulang: Gugustuhin ninyo bang magpamana ng kinabukasang karahasan ang nangingibabaw? Hindi po natin hahayaang mangyari ito. Patuloy tayong tatahak sa landas na nagpapalapit sa atin tungo sa kapayapaan.

Ngayon po, nag-uusap na ang MILF at ang ating gobyerno, na dating nasa magkasalungat na panig. Ngunit nagkakaedad na rin ang mga katuwang natin sa MILF na sina Al Haj Murad at Mohagher Iqbal. Walang garantiya na ang mga susunod sa kanila ay magpapakita ng parehong tiwala, at ng parehong kagustuhang maglapag ng armas. Kung mabibigo ang pagsulong ng BBL, papaano nila hihimukin ang kanilang mga tauhan at kasamahan na ipagpatuloy ang paghahanap sa kapayapaan? Di ba’t magiging mas madali para sa mararahas na elemento sa kanilang hanay na sabihing, “Nakita na ninyo, wala talagang mararating ang usapan, mas makapangyarihan ang baril.” Alalahanin natin: Dalawang henerasyon na ang nasayang ng kaguluhan. Ngayong tayo na ang narito, hahayaan ba nating matulad dito ang mga susunod pang salinlahi?

Muli ko pong ididiin: Hindi mareresolba ng karahasan ang karahasan; hindi matatapos ang galit kung galit din ang itutugon natin dito. Tanging malasakit ang sagot sa karahasan; tanging pag-ibig ang pupuksa sa galit. Kalabisan po bang hilingin na ang Pilipino ay magpakita ng malasakit at pag-ibig sa kapwa Pilipino? Wala naman po sigurong magkakaila na kung makakamtan ang kapayapaan, aangat ang antas ng pamumuhay sa Bangsamoro. Kung aangat ang isang rehiyon, aangat ang buong bansa. Tunay nga po: Kapayapaan ang tanging landas tungo sa minimithi nating malawakang kaunlaran.

Sa araw na ito, nawa’y mapaalalahanan po tayo na mayroon tayong ginintuang pagkakataon ngayon upang makamtan ang kapayapaan, at siguruhing ang mga nais manggulo ay maliliwanagan sa magagandang bunga ng pagtitigil-putukan. Nawa’y isipin po natin ang magandang kinabukasang nag-aabang, kung pagtitibayin at itutuloy lang natin ang ating mga nasimulan. Pagtibayin po natin ang tiwala, pagtibayin po natin ang pag-asa; iyan ang ating magiging ambag sa isang maayos at masaganang lipunan na maipagmamalaki at maipapamana natin sa mga susunod na salinlahi. Hindi po ako naghahabol ng kapayapaan para lang masabi na may iniwan ako. Ang itinataguyod natin: isang tunay na kapayapaan na talagang tinutugunan ang mga ugat ng problemang nagdulot ng karahasan. Sa puntong ito ng ating kasaysayan, sinasabi ko sa inyo: Ang BBL ang magsasakatuparan po nito.

Magandang hapon po. Maraming salamat sa inyong lahat.

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ENGLISH VERSION

One year has passed since the signing of the Comprehensive Agreement on the Bangsamoro. On March 27, 2014, we invited all those who worked hard to craft this agreement to Malacañang: the members of different government agencies, together with our uniformed services; peace advocates who had long awaited this agreement; the representatives of different countries who joined in our success; all the stakeholders of the Bangsamoro, they who are sick and tired of conflict and violence; and of course, our brothers and sisters in the MILF who, out of a desire to put an end to this decades-old conflict, wholeheartedly showed, and continue to show, that they are trustworthy, and that they, like us, aspire to peace. At the signing, we looked back on the long process of crafting an agreement that is just and fair to all. In drafting this, we laid out the transformation we wanted to bring to a system that had long been abused by many, and we put to record our dreams for the Bangsamoro. What I said then:

“If we sustain the momentum for peace, by 2016, the MILF will have shed its identity as a military force, and transformed itself into a political entity, casting its stake in democracy by vying for seats in the Bangsamoro elections. The Bangsamoro shall form a perimeter of vigilance against the spread of extremism… From this shared security, we shall enhance the era of prosperity that is dawning upon our region, and harness its energies towards creating a regime of opportunity and inclusivity where no one is left behind.”

Was it not a great honor to have achieved this agreement, and was it not gratifying to proudly tell the whole world that we Filipinos—though scattered among many islands, though possessing different beliefs—have a shared aspiration for peace? That we can put aside our differences, and focus on what binds us as a nation? It saddens me to see that, after only one year, we have seemingly forgotten the hope that we felt back then. Instead, we have replaced it with distrust, unwarranted suspicion, and anger.

The path to peace is not easy. The first thing we did: We identified the real problem, so that we would be able to implement the correct solution. Let us remember: The conflict in Mindanao began during the dictatorship because of land-grabbing. The law was used to exploit the uneducated, and deny them of their land. It is unfortunate that no one thought that if abusing the law was the root of the problem, then it would be reasonable, just, and acceptable that law also solve it. Until now, we feel the effects of neglecting this problem.  But it is also clear that, today, your government adheres to a different point of view. We already have initiatives in place, for example, that protect indigenous rights and care for ancestral domains.

The Bangsamoro Basic Law is one of the most important proposed bills of our administration. It answers the two most pressing problems of our countrymen: poverty and violence. This bill is the product of 17 years of extensive study and negotiations.

Even then, there are those who oppose its enactment. Unfortunately, their criticism solely stems from a lack of understanding of the BBL; take, for example, their statements that there will be a separate police force for the Bangsamoro once it is enacted into law. Should we trust those who say that the peace talks should be ceased, yet offer no other solutions? If we believe these people, where will they take us?

For my part: If the proposed bill is lacking, it can be addressed by pushing through with the debates on it. With the continuation of hearings about the BBL in Congress, each one is given an opportunity to understand the proposed bill. We believe: An initiative that arose out of good intentions can be fixed by those who likewise have good intentions towards their fellowmen.

I am fully aware that the events in Mindanao, together with the incident in Mamasapano, have sowed doubt in the minds of our countrymen. The result: it has pushed aside the objective evaluation of the BBL.

To address this, I am inviting citizen leaders known for their wisdom and integrity to stand as independent convenors. These include Luis Antonio Cardinal Tagle, former Chief Justice Hilario Davide, Jr., Jaime Augusto Zobel de Ayala, Howard Dee, and Bai Rohaniza Sumndad-Usman. They will gather other responsible and respected leaders to spearhead a National Peace Summit to deliberate on and discuss the BBL. They will dissect the proposed law in a calm and reasonable manner that will not incite anger and hopelessness. This way, the BBL can be improved. They will write a report that will be made public, so that everyone may be informed, and so that more of our countrymen may understand the matter. In this manner, we will be able to advance a reasonable decision as regards the Bangsamoro Basic Law.

Expect that, as we move closer and closer to attaining our long-held dream for peace, the cacophony that aims to dismantle our trust in each other will also grow louder. It is only right and prudent for us to prepare, for them not to succeed. Thus, we must also carefully examine their motivations. If they truly desire to serve their constituencies, shouldn’t they be on the side of peace? I get to wonder now: Are the ones calling to put a stop to the BBL those who will be the most affected by the transformation that we seek to make permanent for the Bangsamoro? Perhaps, their sole intention is to lord it over our countrymen once more, the moment that the old system is restored.

There are also those who call for an end to the peace process. They say that all-out war is the way to go. And I ask them: What gain do you see from waging war? Now that we are moving forward as a nation and are on the cusp of success, do they really think that we should advance violence, only to bring us back to the path of hardship?

Previous administration have tried an all-out war approach. All-out war has been the response since the 70s. How did that turn out for them and for us? The only result: hundreds of thousands of casualties, ruined livelihoods, and a status quo of suffering in Mindanao. Is it not clear that their approach was wrong? What were the results? Did the conflict end? Didn’t such an approach lead to the deaths of hundreds of thousands of Filipinos? There were reports that, during the time of Mr. Marcos, blackouts were purposefully done to conceal the arrival of body bags, so that no one could see the large number of casualties.

Consider this: if the peace process is derailed once more, we will lose ground for sincere dialogue with leaders, and with all the Moros who are ready to listen to reason and who genuinely seek peace. Isn’t it possible that they too might be pushed to join those who want violence? If the troubling situation in Mindanao worsens, the wounds would grow deeper, and more persons would resent their condition. Those who were previously neglected and abused by the system and by institutions will further feel mistreated. Those who have never been reached by the assistance of government will suffer all the more. Do you think that, should all this happen, they will be sincere partners in peace talks after being hurt, after shedding blood, and after being persecuted?

We all know the reasons behind the spreading influence of bandits such as the Abu Sayyaf. Some communities have long been denied service and care from the government. Given this lack of support from the government, the Abu Sayyaf compensated for the neglect. While the government only showed itself to these communities during elections or military operations, the Abu Sayyaf was there and, despite causing trouble, it saw to the needs of these communities. Because of this, the Abu Sayyaf earned their sympathies. There were even those who coddled the Abu Sayyaf, because they benefitted from their presence.

This is the crossroads we face: We take pains to forge peace today, or we count body bags tomorrow. To those who have called for all-out war as the solution, do you think we’ll be able to talk peace after the shooting has started, when the wounds, and the failure of the talks, would be raw?

Perhaps it is easy for you to push for all-out war because Luzon and Visayas are far from the conflict. But if the conflict grows, the number of Filipinos shooting at other Filipinos will grow, and it would not be out of the question that a friend or loved one be one of the people who will end up inside a body bag. If this is where it will end up, the sacrifices of those who have given their lives for our much-desired peace would have been wasted. If you ask the soldiers, police, and other uniformed ranks, they would be the first to oppose war, because they would bear the brunt of it.

Let me make it clear: This decision is not just for the remainder of my term, but for the benefit of the next generations. To you young people, will you suffer a society in which you would be required to march into war instead of fulfilling your dreams? To the parents: Would you want the next generation to inherit a future marked by conflict? We will not allow for this to happen. We will continue on the path that will bring us closer to peace.

When before they stood on opposing sides, today, the MILF and our government are engaged in dialogue. But our partners in the MILF, Al Haj Murad and Mohagher Iqbal, are not getting any younger. There is no guarantee that those who will follow them will show the same trust and the same desire to lay down arms. Should we fail to pass the BBL, how can we urge their men to continue the search for peace? Should that happen, would it not be easier for the violent elements in their ranks to say, “See, negotiations and dialogue lead to nothing, our guns are still more powerful.” Let us remember: The potential of two generations has been wasted because of conflict. Now that we are all here, are we going to allow the succeeding generations to meet the same fate?

Allow me to emphasize, once again: Violence cannot resolve violence; anger can never come to an end, if it is also met with anger. Only compassion can put an end to violence; only love can extinguish anger. Is it too much to ask that Filipinos show compassion and love to their fellow Filipinos? No one can deny that, if we attain peace, the standard of living in the Bangsamoro will rise. And when one region rises, so too does the entire country. Indeed: peace is the only path to our aspirations of inclusive growth.

On this day, God willing, may we be reminded that we have a golden opportunity at present to attain peace, and ensure that the positive fruits of laying down arms will enlighten those who wish to sow chaos. God willing, may we remember that a brighter future waits; we need only to strengthen and continue what we have already started. Let us reinforce our trust; let us reinforce our hope; these will be our contributions to an orderly and prosperous society, one that we can be proud of, and one that we can bequeath to the next generations. I do not pursue peace just to add to my legacy. What we are pursuing is a genuine peace that truly addresses the roots of the problems that led to violence. At this point in our history, I say to all of you: The BBL will make this a reality.

Good afternoon and thank you to everyone.

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